Table of Contents
- 1 FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHILE CHOOSING A DESOLDERING PUMP:
- 2 Comparison table
- 3 IF YOU ARE AMONG THE NEWBIES WHO ARE FIGURING OUT A WAY TO USE THE TOOL, READ ALONG:
The process of removal of the soldered components from the circuit in the PCB is known as desoldering. A soldering iron, as well as a desoldering pump, is used for this purpose. The purpose of this mechanical device is to suck the molten solder from the joints where the components of your circuit are mounted.
FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHILE CHOOSING A DESOLDERING PUMP:
So what are the various factors you need to think of while going on a hunt for desoldering pumps?
- Ease of Use: The Desoldering pump should be easy to use even for a novice.
- The vacuum should be of high pressure
- The Material of the Pump. Whether it is made up of plastic or metal. Metal desoldering pumps are more durable than plastic ones.
- The weight of the pump is another contributing factor. The desoldering pump should not be too heavy.
- Once the task is done, cleaning of the pump should be an easy job. Thus, cleanability of the pump is another factor to watch out for.
The prize of the consumables such as the nozzles, tips and filters. All of these require a price for changing.
- The type of desoldering pump can be bought according to ones needs. The self contained desoldering pump, for example do not have as much control over temperature but they do have other merits such as replaceable filters and self contained vacuum pump.
- Programmable pumps can also be bought if you want it to be pre heated beforehand for a specific number of rounds.
There are various desoldering pumps available out in the market. We review the top 5 here:
OMorc Desoldering Pump
The desoldering Wick from Omorc is of top quality and has an aluminum bronze framework. The desoldering capability is effective when compared with other products. The copper wire is oxygen free also. The desoldering pump is of solid construction and is lightweight and compact too. The plastic backing provided along ensures that stability is maintained.
XOOL Desoldering Pump
This Solder Accessory Kit is suitable for professions such as jewelry makers and crafts makers. The suction quality of the solder pump is of high power and suction is efficient. Also, the CHP 170 is made out of high quality Carbon steel which ensures that cutting of copper wires and steel wires are easy. The handle of the solder is so designed keeping ergonomics in consideration especially so as to ensure that your hands do not get hurt while using it.
CML Supply Desoldering pump Solder Sucker
The Desoldering Pump is of Solder sucker type. The Pump consists of an Anti-Static tip and an aluminium body. The Anti-Static tip ensures the safety of delicate electronic components. The biggest advantage is that these are safer than the Braid and the Wick. The Piston is spring loaded which enabled quick removal of the solder from the PCB board.
Vastar AD444 Desoldering Pump Solder
The Desoldering tool from Vastar is a high quality, super high pressure vacuum pump. The aluminium body frame of Vastar makes it lightweight. This product comes with a warranty of 18 months and is specially designed so as to enable the ease of use with both left and right hand. The only issue might be the requirement of different suction tips at different angles for desoldering.
Teenitor Desoldering Pump
This desoldering tool is very handy in size and is good at what it does best too. The compact and lightweight design along with the ease of use in one hand makes Teenitor a popular choice among other solder removal tools. The best part about this tool is that, it can fit well into any of your tool boxes without any hassle. The sturdy body helps maintain the flow during the process of desoldering too.
Even though many of the desoldering hobbyists know what to look for before buying a tool, there are still few mistakes that people tend to make. They tend to buy a tool that is heavier and less sturdy. This can make the operation very uncomfortable. When choosing the tool, select the one that goes well with the size of your hand. You simply do not want to get an oversized desoldering tool just for the sake of the size. Also, look for products that come along with a warranty so that you can be assured of product service for a certain time period.
IF YOU ARE AMONG THE NEWBIES WHO ARE FIGURING OUT A WAY TO USE THE TOOL, READ ALONG:
- The solder that needs to be removed should be heated beforehand.
- The plunger of the tool should be pressed down.
- After you are done melting the solder, the pump’s tip should be placed against the solder that has to be removed.
- The plunger should now be released. Some of the desoldering pumps have a release switch so that you don’t have to hold it all the time.
- The free components should be removed.
- After you’re done with all this, repeat the steps from 1 to 4 so as to remove any excess solder you might have missed out.
- The solder should be disposed of in the tool by pressing the plunger repetitively.
Word Of Advice: When trying to get rid of excess solder, you can add more solder to the joint so that the solder will remain in the liquid blob state. When the solder is in that condition, it is much easier to desolder it.
If you are new to desoldering, there are high chances that you will make some mistakes. Here are some common mistakes that you can end up making and how to avoid them.
- Find out a tool for desoldering that you are comfortable with. Some find wick easier. Some may find desoldering iron to be their saviour. Others will simply stick with the pump.
- Do not leave the iron on the PCB for a long period of time. This will otherwise lead to the damage of the PCB.
- Make sure you get all of the solder out. Also, do not try removing the switch forcibly.
- Do not put too much pressure on the switches to desolder them. This will damage the PCB board.
As you can see, the desoldering pump is an ideal tool and can be used by beginners too. There are some precautions however that you need to take before going on with the process. Rest assured, happy desoldering!